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Scale Assessment Cerebral Palsy

Bobath Foundation Scale: Assessment of Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy

The Bobath Foundation Scale was created to enable comprehensive assessment of children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy and providing professionals from different disciplines with a tool tailored for that specific group.

It provides detailed information about the clinical manifestations produced by the brain damage, covering content relating to both physical and bodily features, functional skills, and psychosocial aspects, in relation to the affected person’s quality of life and possibilities of adaptation within the family, at school, socially, etc.

It allows building an individualized profile, expressing not only the overall impairment or compromise of the child or adolescent, but also the level of impairment of the specific functions and capabilities that are most frequently affected in Cerebral Palsy. This facilitates the planning of therapeutic goals and intervention programmes appropriate for each case.

It also encourages interprofessional communication by combining assessment criteria and promoting the expansion of the theoretical and practical framework from which is considered Cerebral Palsy.

Bobath Foundation Scale: Structure

The TOTAL Scale consists of 50 items which are grouped into three subscales, each of which is related to a different aspect of the problems commonly occurring in cerebral palsy. In turn, the Subscales are subdivided into Areas that measure the impairment in specific aspects.

GENERAL CONDITION Subscale:
This collects information about the person’s medical history and the causes that may have produced the neurological damage; it also determines their state of health, taking into account the care or treatment required to maintain or improve their physical well-being and quality of life.

SENSORIMOTOR Subscale:
This focuses on the exploration of tonic-postural circumstances, gross motor skills, sensory abilities and perceptual organization through movement. The content of this subscale is clearly oriented towards examining the type and degree of bodily and physical impediment due to the neurological injury producing the cerebral palsy and its possible implications in functional activity.

SOCIAL-COGNITIVE Subscale:
This incorporates data on the repercussions that neurological damage and sensory-motor disorders have on acquisition of adaptive skills, as well as on basic intellectual development to function in the physical and social environment. It includes elementary cognitive aspects related to independence in the environment (autonomy in daily life, communication skills, behavioural management, social interaction, etc.).

TOTAL SCALE
Subscales Areas
GENERAL CONDITION Physical Condition
Quality of Life Needs
SENSORIMOTOR Neuromotor
Perceptual-Motor
SOCIAL-COGNITIVEFunctional Autonomy
Communication and Language
Cognitive Competence

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